The answer to this is similar to the answer for the same question for corporations. However, with LLCs, unless the members require it in their operating agreement, there’s no requirement for meetings and consents, unless the written consents are required by a third party, like a bank. This is the reason some folks try to use LLCs instead of corporations.
Yes. But depending on what stage the business is at, they may not be immediately deductible as an operating expense, but may need to be treated as a start-up expense. This can get complicated; you should consult a tax advisor.
Remember, one point of the entity is to keep your business separate from your personal, thereby protecting the personal assets. So, the answer is going to be yes. As such, that will also involve obtaining a tax identification number.
No. But depending on the directors' background, level of experience, and the value they bring to your business, you may want to consider some kind of compensation or even equity. Not only are they worth it, but you’ll get a commitment from them that won’t otherwise exist if they’re just donating time and expertise. Specifically with respect to officers, there is an expectation of payment.
I’m proud of you for asking such a clever question. Makes me wish the answer was just as thoughtful. Alas, it’s not: there’s no difference. A shareholder in a corporation, and a member in an LLC, are both nomenclature for defining owner. In fact, LLCs are flexible enough such that they can be structured to look like corporations, so their owners may also end up being “shareholders”. All that said, members in LLCs and shareholders in corporations are governed by different statutes, so their respective rights may differ.
It used to mean more than it does now. California has dropped this as a concept, and where it’s still used, it’s for tax and fees purposes. Some states tax corporations based on capitalization, and they use par value to assess that tax. So you should not just “pick a number”. Some of the fees and taxes can be very expensive, so proceed cautiously. Delaware, for example, uses par value.